## Satyendra Nath Bose (E)

Satyendranath Bose along with Meghnad Saha, established modern theoretical physics in India. Bose made significant advances in statistical mechanics and quantum statistics, the description of all forces by a single field theory, x-ray diffraction and the interaction of electromagnetic waves with the ionosphere. Albert Einstein’s generalization of Bose’s work led to the system of statistical quantum mechanics, now known as Bose-Einstein statistics which describes particles of integral spin, which may multiply occupy the same quantum state. Such particles are now known as “bosons” after the name of s. N. Bose. Bose’s name has become part and parcel of modern physics. There is no other scientist whose name is so indissolubly linked with Einstein in all the textbooks of physics. ‘Indeed Bose’s work stands out as one of the central columns supporting the edifice of modern physics’. Satyendranath Bose along with Meghnad Saha, established modern theoretical physics in India. Bose made significant advances in statistical mechanics and quantum statistics, the description of all forces by a single field theory, x-ray diffraction and the interaction of electromagnetic waves with the ionosphere. Albert Einstein’s generalization of Bose’s work led to the system of statistical quantum mechanics, now known as Bose-Einstein statistics which describes particles of integral spin, which may multiply occupy the same quantum state. Such particles are now known as “bosons” after the name of s. N. Bose. Bose’s name has become part and parcel of modern physics. There is no other scientist whose name is so indissolubly linked with Einstein in all the textbooks of physics. ‘Indeed Bose’s work stands out as one of the central columns supporting the edifice of modern physics’.