Har Gobind Khorana - (E)
Har Gobind Khorana’s work helped unravel the genetic code and explain how proteins are made. He discovered a process that is fundamental to life. Khorana and his team established that the biological language common to all living organisms, is spelled out in three-letter words − each set of nucleotides coding for a specific amino acid. Khorana was awarded Nobel Prize in 1968 jointly with Robert William Holley (1922- 1993) and Marshall Warren Nirenberg (1927-) “for their interpretation of the genetic code and its function in protein synthesis.” Khorana was the first scientist to synthesise oligonucleotides. Khorana’s researches led to the establishment of genetic engineering as a new branch of science. Har Gobind Khorana (9 January 1922 – 9 November 2011) made important contributions to this field by building different RNA chains with the help of enzymes.